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Part of a 5-fold Pattern Language.
Subsequently published in Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential (1986)
Physical In all the world's traditional and historic buildings, the columns are expressive, beautiful, and treasured elements. In modern buildings they have become ugly and meaningless because no one knows how to make a column which is at the same time beautiful and structurally efficient. This requires: solidity, especially when using ecologically sound materials of lower strength; inexpensive materials; pleasant surface finish, permitting heavy decoration; concentration of strength towards centre; easy connectibility to other elements; on-site modifiability and subsequent repairability.
Broader Integrative infrastructure; Progressive framework definition; Distribution of secondary inter-level connections; Efficient enclosure of spaces with minimal structural distinctions; Primary inter-level connections at transitions in boundary orientation.
Narrower Inter-level zone; Perimeter continuity; Inter-level integrity; Aperture compatibility; Tolerance at level interfaces; Distortion resistant boundaries; Level generation of minimum tension; Overview sites from integrative superstructure.
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